Bleeding later in pregnancy causes.
It is a rare condition when unprotected fetal umbilical cord blood vessels run across the opening of the uterus, making them at risk of rupture when the membranes break.
Possibility: 1/2500 deliveries.
Sometimes it is asymptomatic, but if with symptoms, it causes bleeding dark in color.
a. Umbilical cord abnormalities
b. Placenta previa
c. In vitro fertilization
d. Multiple pregnancy
Weekly non-stress testing is done starting from week 32 if the mother is not hospitalized.
The mother might be hospitalized at week 30 – 34 for close monitoring. And she might be given steroids to help fetus lungs to mature.
Cesarean delivery is recommended around week 34 – 35 to avoid spontaneous membranes rupture.